Careers in Internet of Things

What is Internet of Things ?

Anything that you can connect to the internet is essentially the Internet of Things.  IoT is a still developing field with additions being made on a regular basis.


Field of Internet of Things (IoT)

With international access to internet at about 3.2 billion and counting, it relates to increasing career prospects. Internet of Things (IoT) seems to be the hot market associated with data analytics. If you are looking for the career in Internet of Things (IoT)  this field is in trending.

According to

 Google Trends

Google searches for Home automation up 34% in past week (December 2016) worldwide.

The added advantage for IoT jobs, is the integration of hardware and software skills. There is still a difference, but now a person working on software can develop working interest in hardware and vice-versa.

Java, C and C++ came up as the preferred language for programmers. IoT requires dedicated hardware and this creates a large requirement for developers with knowledge of embedded systems. Embedded system hardware and software have to be continually updated, calling for efficient development. Development skills get you started whereas creativity would keep you going.

  •  Hardware field in IoT

Manufacturing hardware, adds a certain level of complexity, so as a developer, refining some of those skills in hardware, is likely to add to the skill set. This will definitely be an advantage for someone searching IoT jobs.

IoT relates to connecting every device to a network. A very large number of these connections require sensors and dedicated hardware development. The current sensors include, “vibration, RF, temperature, humidity, pressure and many more”. Automation also covers a lot of opportunities in both product and service oriented industries.

  • Software field in IoT 

Software development is an area that requires fine tuning. Decision towards a particular technology can be made fairly easily once we have a higher number of devices. C programming, JavaScript, PHP  and Application development in Android, iOS and Windows Phone is in demand. These comprise the most basic in development and hence would provide a better way to work the system.

Most in demand skills:

IoT is being the midst of a boom, the market needs enough talent with the right skills to manage and accomplish projects. In fact, research from Gartner states insufficient staffing and lack of expertise to be the top-quoted hurdle for companies currently looking to execute and gain profit from IoT. The skills required in IoT are:

1. PCB Circuit design

This skill has seen a 231 percent increase in demand in over a year. Connected devices require adjustment and adaptation of chip design and development to resolve new system requirements. Let’s understand this better with an example of applications that depend upon long-life batteries. Such apps may need particular circuit boards to enhance power consumption, or one circuit board with multiple chips and sensors. There’s a strong demand for printed circuit boards (PCB) and 3D designs and hence circuit designers.

2. Programming in Microcontroller 

This being the second highest in demand skill adds intelligence to the processing tasks of the billions of small, interconnected devices of IoT. Microcontrollers are compact microcomputers that regularize the working of embedded systems in devices, such as motor vehicles, robots, office machines, complex medical devices, mobile radio trans receivers, vending machines, and home appliances. Arduino programming language is particularly in strong demand which is used in building sensor and automation projects.

3. 3D Design and AutoCAD

AutoCAD lets you design and shape the world around you with the powerful, connected design tools. CAD designers can use their state-of-the-art design technology to define what can be done physically or digitally, delivering what kind of experience, at what speed for smart, connected products. Companies can use freelance talent skilled in AutoCAD to oblige late-stage design changes in product development processes quickly.

4. Machine Learning

Machine learning algorithms use data sensors and other connected devices to create smarter devices, applications and other products. Expert talent in adaptive algorithms and data analytical capabilities can help organisations in identifying and extracting data patters from these devices and make predictions based on it. Becoming a data scientist can help you secure a lucrative job offer.

5. Security infrastructure

Like they say, with every good comes a bad – IoT development comes with its impediments such as information security and concerns of increased exposure of data. This poses threats to a user’s digital and physical security. Organisations experienced in cloud security have already been introduced to this; however things get complicated because of the added scale and complexity of IoT connectivity, communications and the endpoints. Within security infrastructure, a strong demand for network security developers and programmers has been observed.

6. Big data Analysis 

IoT leaves companies with large amounts of data to be analyzed. They need to collect relevant data for their business while clearing out unwanted data and simultaneously protecting that data. All of this needs highly effective mechanism that incorporates software and protocols. If you are a data scientist or a back-end engineer who can gather, arrange, study and design such heterogeneous sources of data, your future can thrive in this proliferation of big data and IoT. Experience in Hadoop and Apache Spark can be the cherry on the cake.

7. Electrical engineering

With a whopping 159 percent increase in demand, software and electrical engineering prowess can put you in a strategic position to create the next generation of connected devices. Companies seek electrical engineers to help with embedded device development for mobile apps, and for radio frequency (RF)/analog and microwave engineering for communication systems and GPS on the devices.

8. Security engineering

We already face trouble keeping our computers, smartphones and tablets updated with the latest version of code. Imagine what a nightmare it could be keeping millions of devices updated and free of security bugs! To alleviate potential risks to high-profile data from being breached, hacked or exposed, companies are investing in professionals with security analysis and vulnerability assessment experience. Their work would be to analyze and discern physical and logical security threats to embed systems such as local controllers/portals and deduce the risk at the device level.

9. Programming in Node.js  

For a unified experience between the business systems and the embedded devices, application development needs to keep up and must become more swift, agile and ductile. That’s where Node.js comes in. It’s built on Google’s V8 open source JavaScript engine and is known for its speed, flexibility and effectiveness. This means Node.js can be put to good use in developing data-intensive, real-time applications and is well-suited for the IoT as it relies on such apps. Arduino and Raspberry Pi are some connected devices managed through Node.js and it is rapidly becoming the language and platform of choice for everything from wearables to machine-to-machine (M2M) communications.

10. GPS based development

GPS market is witnessing resurgence through wearable, smart vehicles and logistic companies, all thanks to IoT. In fact, experts are predicting the GPS market to touch upon $3.5 billion mark by 2019. As more and more businesses and consumers are embracing location-aware devices, the demand for professionals who can develop GPS-enabled technology is increasing by many folds.

If you are interested in adding these IoT skills to your repertoire, there is no dearth of variety of career available for professionals with these skills in SharpNode.

Where to Apply? 

SharpNode have various vacancies in IoT, check it out here:

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